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Italian politics does not cease to astonish. On March 4, 2018, Italian voters elected a new parliament, five years after the previous election had resulted in a major anti-establishment uprising. This year the electorate not only confirmed the success of the populist Five Star Movement (FSM), but it also rewarded the new nationalist strategy of the League (formerly Northern League) by making it the leading party of the right. But if these results were surprising even for Italy, they should be seen as the aftershock of the 2013 election. If anything, the 2018 election clarified the patterns of change and might therefore help us better understand the realignment that is taking place in most Western democracies.

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