This is not the time for atheists and religious believers to quarrel I was puzzled by Arthur Milner’s article complaining that atheism is not sufficiently respected in present-day society (“The Offence of Atheism,” Inroads, Winter/Spring 2010, pp. 10–13). It seems to me that since the late 18th century atheism has been an important dimension of intellectual life in the West. You cannot study philosophy or the social sciences at the university without becoming acquainted with atheism and the various arguments that defend it. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, defining the limits of reason and rejecting all metaphysics, had an enormous effect on the Western scientific culture, promoting the taken-for-granted positivism that prevails at most universities.Subscribe or Log In to read more.