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Since 1947 India and Pakistan have fought three and half wars over Kashmir and held more than 60 rounds of talks to bilaterally resolve the dispute which has its origin in the partition of British India into two countries. There have also been several unilateral efforts by the Indian government to solve the conflict through some arrangement within the Indian constitution. All these efforts have proved incapable of resolving it. In six decades, reality has mutated, as a movement for independence has grown and the terms of public discourse over the right of self-determination in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) have been expanded. And now the rulers of India and Pakistan are working out a deal on J&K, with the people of J&K reduced to being mere recipients of their decision.

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